The Implementation of the Treaty of Craiova between Romania and Bulgaria (1940) Cover Image

Aplicarea tratatului româno-bulgar de la Craiova (1940)
The Implementation of the Treaty of Craiova between Romania and Bulgaria (1940)

Author(s): Maria Costea
Subject(s): History
Published by: Institutul de Cercetări Socio-Umane Gheorghe Şincai al Academiei Române
Keywords: international relations; the Treaty of Craiova; population exchanges; Southern Dobrogea; Cadrilater; Romania; Bulgaria; diplomacy; Hitler; 1940

Summary/Abstract: The Treaty of Craiova was imposed to Romania by Nazi Germany. The Treaty of Craiova was signed on September 7, 1940, between Romania and Bulgaria. Under its terms, Romania ceded the southern part of Dobrudja (the Cadrilater) and the 2 states agreed to participate in the organization of a population exchange. The 108,000 Romanians and Aromanians, were forced to abandon their houses in Southern Dobrudja and resettled in the northern part, while 65,000 Bulgarians of the northern part had to leave their houses and resettle in the Cadrilater (Bulgaria). Under the terms of the Treaty, Bulgaria had to pay 1 million lei to Romania, in order to compensate Romanian important direct investments in Southern Dobrudja. Also, Bulgaria had to respect some Romanian properties in Cadrilater. However, the diplomatic documents used in this article prove that Bulgaria did not respect its obligations.

  • Issue Year: 2009
  • Issue No: 12
  • Page Range: 267-275
  • Page Count: 9
  • Language: Romanian