The Tricesimal Customs Tariff in Transylvania in the Year 1634 Cover Image
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Tarifa tricesimală a Transilvaniei din 1634
The Tricesimal Customs Tariff in Transylvania in the Year 1634

Author(s): Zsolt Simon
Subject(s): History
Published by: Institutul de Cercetări Socio-Umane Gheorghe Şincai al Academiei Române
Keywords: tricesimal customs tariff; tricesimal register in Transylvania; foreign trade of Transylvania

Summary/Abstract: In the Transylvanian Principality the use of the tricesimal customs tariffs is mentioned in laws, charters referring to the lease of the tricesimal customs and other documents (the tricesimal customs represented the name of the external-customs). Such documents, however, are known in the historical literature only for the years 1603, 1620, 1632, 1654, 1687 and 1688. In this study I publish and analyze another tariff, namely that from 1634. This was probably issued during the general assembly of the Transylvanian estates held between the 12th of May and the 1st of June. The structure of this document is similar to that of earlier tariffs and all the more, many of its articles are the same as those written in the list of 1632. There is however, an important difference between the lists of 1634 and of 1632; in the first one almost all articles were increased with 50%. In the second part of my paper I study how this list from 1634 was practically enforced, on the basis of the tricesimal register of Cluj from the same year (among the registers written in Transylvania only this register survived). In most of the cases the customs were imposed according to the tariff, although there were also some minor differences.

  • Issue Year: 2008
  • Issue No: 11
  • Page Range: 221-250
  • Page Count: 30
  • Language: Romanian