The Business Organizations of the Czechoslovakian Hungarians, 1918–1938 Cover Image

A csehszlovákiai magyarság gazdasági szervezetei (1918–1938) Gazdasági egyesületek, szövetkezetek, ipartársulatok
The Business Organizations of the Czechoslovakian Hungarians, 1918–1938

Author(s): István Gaucsík
Subject(s): History
Published by: KORALL Társadalomtörténeti Egyesület
Keywords: social history; 20th century; Hungary; Hungarian minority; colonisation; Trianon Peace Treaty Hungarian economic federations in Czechoslovakia between 1918–1938

Summary/Abstract: The paper examines the structures of Hungarian business interest bodies and the self-organization forms that assumed various roles in business life. The analysis covers the business federations, cooperatives and industrial associations with Hungarian membership, located in the areas inhabited by the Hungarian minority, which were organized in the new economical-political space defined by the new centres of business in the Czechoslovakian Republic (Prague, Bratislava), examining the situation and the various phases of integration of these professionally led organizations within the framework of the state economy. With respect to business federations, the study pays special attention to the interest protection and organization building strategies that were adopted by the Hungarian opposition parties in Czechoslovakia in response to the discriminative minority policy measures taken after the change of power. Within the cooperative movement, the paper aims for a more detailed and balanced assessment of the Hanza and examines the problem of non-consumer cooperatives against a broader background. The continuation and transformation of pre-1918 institutional forms and the evolution of new ones are examined from the aspect of organization building (the creation of interest groups, centres and federations, the existence of monitoring and supervisory rights), and also attempts to define the inner temporal milestones of the process of institution organization.

  • Issue Year: 2004
  • Issue No: 18
  • Page Range: 48-64
  • Page Count: 17
  • Language: Hungarian