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Новият залог на критическата теория
Critical Theory and Late Capitalism

Author(s): Deyan Deyanov
Subject(s): Social Sciences
Published by: Институт по философия и социология при БАН

Summary/Abstract: The article tries to solve (though in a general frame) some of the problems laid in front of critical theory by the late (non-classic) capitalism problems in which coming century might be anticipated. When laying them out, it is not so much the style of reasoning of Frankfurt critical theorists (including Habermas) and of French poslstructuralists that is staked on, but rather Marx's methodological patterns. Patterns that again might be working tools, were Marx's logic of critique of modernity be free from his modernist ideological dogmas. In paragraph 1 the accent is imposed mainly upon the consequences of the fad, that under late capitalism new and new quantitatively expanding structures of mediation (political one, informational one, synchronising one, etc.) go under the historical metamorphoses of the economic one. In paragraph 2 the accent is shifted to the critique of the naive thesis about the inversion of mediation that is re-formulated by means of the syllogistic formulae of the dialectical logics (From this re-formulation there follows the new warrant of critical theory — no, emancipation of the alienated human essential forces in the reign of freedom, but creating social conditions for possibility for overcoming the ecological spasm). In paragraph 3 the pre-political democracy is scrutinized as a condition lor possibility of the political democracy, and in paragraph 4 two revolutions in the pre-political democratisation of the late capitalism are looked at (the democratisation of consumption, and the capitalisation of the labour force by the worker him her self). What is sketched in the conclusion, is a programme for a critical re-formulation of Marx's theory of surplus value in such a way, that it could be valid for the late capitalism. The article is a fragment (which is the reason for a comparative fragmentariness) of the manuscript "Critical Theory and tile Shock of Future", that will be published in 1996 by "Critique and Humanism" Publishing House.

  • Issue Year: 27/1995
  • Issue No: 3
  • Page Range: 5-15
  • Page Count: 11
  • Language: Bulgarian