From Adjustment to Ideological Norm: Behind the Scenes of Stoll's

Od korektury k ideologické normě. Ze zákulisí vzniku "Třiceti let bojů" Ladislava Štolla
From Adjustment to Ideological Norm: Behind the Scenes of Stoll's "Thirty Years of Struggle"

Author(s): Jiří Knapík
Subject(s): History
Published by: Ústav pro soudobé dějiny AV ČR

Summary/Abstract: The paper given by Ladislav Stoll (1902-1981) at the plenary meeting of the Union of Czechoslovak Writers in January 1950, which was immediately pub¬lished in the press as Tricet let boju za ceskou socialistickou poesii (Thirty Years of Struggle for Czech Socialist Poetry), is considered one of the clearest expres¬sions of Stalinism in the arts and culture in Czechoslovakia after the Communist takeover of February 1948. Although the consequences of that paper have been considered by historians of literature, the background to it has till now re¬mained almost unexplored. The present article points chiefly to the context of policy on the arts and culture from spring 1949 onwards, after the poet Vitez-slav Nezval was criticized in the press and, in particular, after the affair with the 'anti-Party pamphlet' against him. In the Culture Council of the Central Commit¬tee of the Czechoslovak Communist Party (CC CPCz) at the time, the idea emer¬ged of holding a plenary session of the Union of Czechoslovak Writers. The ses¬sion was intended not only to come up with a comprehensive solution to the state of literary criticism, but also to create new models for works of art and to define the attitude of the Communist regime towards the cultural legacy. Stoll's paper, whose main theses were formulated in autumn 1949, included various opinions of leading [...]

  • Issue Year: XII/2005
  • Issue No: 01
  • Page Range: 62-84
  • Page Count: 22
  • Language: Czech