THE KEY-CONCEPTS OF “CHURCH” AND “UNION” IN THE FOUNDATION ACTS OF THE SCHOOLS OF BLAJ (1754) Cover Image
  • Price 2.50 €

Conceptele-cheie „Biserică” şi „Unire” în actele fundaţionale ale şcolilor de la Blaj (1754)
THE KEY-CONCEPTS OF “CHURCH” AND “UNION” IN THE FOUNDATION ACTS OF THE SCHOOLS OF BLAJ (1754)

Author(s): Iacob Mârza
Subject(s): History
Published by: Universitatea »1 Decembrie 1918« Alba Iulia
Keywords: union; church; Blaj; School; foundation acts; Greek Catholic Bishopric Diocese

Summary/Abstract: The research upon the social and political thinking of Transylvania in the century of Enlightenment with the help of several key-words (Schlagworte, mots-clefs), such as Church and Union, with special reference to the fundamental schools of Blaj (fall of the year 1754), and in the spirit of modern scientific formulas towards which the Romanian historiography is also straightened, allows us to have a better perception upon the problems of the respective cultural moment, and also its demythisation. If it is to accept the idea according to which the key-concepts of the social and political vocabulary of an epoch - like the century of Enlightenment in Transylvania! – are factors, but also indicators of the evolution of the society, the approach of the terms that have been proposed, Church and Union, sends us – at the moment – to the cultural, religious and political moment of foundation of the schools from Blaj, on the thread of the general coordinates of education in Enlightened Transylvania. The documentary basis of communication is represented by a reading from a modern historiographical perspective of the texts of the foundation acts for the schools of Blaj. As a matter of fact, these texts are official documents with a lot of clichés and semantic stereotypes issued by the Chancellery of the Greek Catholic Episcopal Office of Blaj (in the fall of the year 1754). We have in view: 1) The publications about the schools of Blaj (October 11, 1754); 2) The order of the priests and schools that were organized in the Monastery of the Saint Trinity of Blaj; 3) Educators’ and priests’ order until a new organization; 4) Instruction for priests’ exam; 5) Instruction for copysits’ inclusion. The documents under analysis are suggestive and full of cultural and political connotations – the theological implications do not miss at all. They are directly related to the Aulic, local and religious purposes of the educational settlement, and contain few mentions about the key concepts of Church and Union that have been examined and interpreted from the content and subtext perspective. The interpretation for these key-concepts allows us to understand the cultural, political and religious moment of school foundation from the modern perspective of the scientific investigation. These institutions were meant to ensure the Romanian intellectuals’ training (priests, professors etc.). The United Romanian Church needed them with a view to continuing the programme of national and political revendications initiated for the Transylvanian Romanians by Inochentie Micu-Klein. On the other hand, these institutions were meant to contribute - through the disciplines they offered – to the strengthening of the religious Union on the territory of the Transylvanian Principality. They might be seen as a supplementary measure meant to consolidate the Habsburg domination in this region of Principality.

  • Issue Year: 13/2009
  • Issue No: Special
  • Page Range: 185-191
  • Page Count: 7
  • Language: Romanian