Old and New Citizenships: the Case of the European Citizenship Cover Image

Staré a nové občianstvo: Prípad európskeho občianstva
Old and New Citizenships: the Case of the European Citizenship

Author(s): Gilles ROUET
Subject(s): Politics / Political Sciences
Published by: Univerzita Mateja Bela
Keywords: citizenship; European Union; digital identity; democracy

Summary/Abstract: European integration has not invented a European nationality (when it comes to recognizing and valuing diversity), but a new kind of citizenship, linked with identity mechanisms. Citizenship beyond nationalities – the European citizenship – is a recent phenomenon, formally established in 1992 by the Maastricht Treaty and, unlike the “national” citizenship, it has not been conquered (by revolution, treaty or other political event), but granted by “superior” body in a process that has not really involved citizens. Additionally, this citizenship is rooted in the Member States; it is automatically granted and nobody can demand it or give it. It provides rights, diplomatic protection, a relatively free movement of persons, but no duty. But is it really a “new” citizenship?

  • Issue Year: 2011
  • Issue No: 2
  • Page Range: 9-17
  • Page Count: 9
  • Language: English