Memorial Poems: Writing and Usage in Dumbrăvioara, Mureș County Cover Image

Emlékversírás és emlékvershasználat a Maros megyei Sáromberkén
Memorial Poems: Writing and Usage in Dumbrăvioara, Mureș County

Author(s): András Vajda
Subject(s): Anthropology
Published by: Erdélyi Múzeum-Egyesület
Keywords: memorial booklets; writing and usage of memorial poems; Sáromberke/Dumbrăvioara; Mureș County

Summary/Abstract: Present paper analyzes the writing and usage of memorial poems in 20th century Dumbrăvioara. The analyze is based on eight booklets, two fragments of booklets and several texts, written on individual sheets, all owned by nine persons in total. In the village of Dumbrăvioara in different cultural and political environment and in case of different social groups, the usage of memorial poems turned out variant. In the fi rst half of the 20th century grown-ups, even men in military service, kept memorial booklets. From the second half of the century we can witness a signifi cant social regression in the usage sphere: although booklets were in a high number, they were realized and used especially by pupils of junior school, so the seriousness of memorial poems sunk simultaneously with social dislocation. So, humorous, even blithe poems appear more frequently. Memorial poems actually show the workings of the connective structure holding groups and societies together, how a group realizes and communicates their own thoughts. For this reason I have identifi ed the memorial poem as the product of a group culture (counterculture). Memorial booklets form a special memorial community, which surround the owner, and infl uences the relationship between the persons scoring the booklets.

  • Issue Year: LXXVI/2014
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 115-129
  • Page Count: 14
  • Language: Hungarian