Demographic References in the Sighişoara area before and after the Roman Conquest (the 1st - 3rd centuries a. d.) Cover Image

Repere demografice în zona Sighişoara înainte şi după cucerirea romană (sec. I – III e.n)
Demographic References in the Sighişoara area before and after the Roman Conquest (the 1st - 3rd centuries a. d.)

Author(s): Aurel Rustoiu
Subject(s): Archaeology
Published by: Institutul de Cercetări Socio-Umane Gheorghe Şincai al Academiei Române
Keywords: Dacian settlement; Sighişoara; Roman conquest; the 105-106 A. D. Dacian-Roman War

Summary/Abstract: The most important Dacian settlement from the area is that of Sighişoara - Wietenberg. The diggings from 1991-1995 permitted the establishment of the chronology for the respective settlement. It began its existence in the 2nd century B. C. and it was abandoned at the beginning of the 2nd century A. D., when Dacia was conquered by the Romans. In the Sighişoara area there were recorded a series of rural settlements, contemporary with that of Wietenberg (fig. 1, list 1). All those settlements gravitated around that of Wietenberg which represented the largest and the most populated station in the area. Its importance was determined by the fact that it was situated at the crossing of important trade roads. The Roman earth camp placed on the Podmoale plateau (about 500 m westward from the Dacian settlement of Sighişoara - Wietenberg) was probably raised during the Dacian-Roman war from 105-106 A. D. The fortification had been used for a short period, in the second half of the 2nd century A. D., being removed. On its place there was set up a civilian settlement which continued its existence till the next century. At the same time with the raising of the camp, or short time after that, in the Sighişoara area there took place a large colonization with ethnical elements proceeding especially from Pannonia or Novicum. In conclusion, the Roman Conquest caused radical demographic changes in the Sighişoara area. The Dacian settlements ceased their existence as a consequence of the Dacian-Roman wars. The new settlements, much more numerous than in the previous period, belonged to some colonists who arrived from Pannonia and Novicum.

  • Issue Year: 1998
  • Issue No: 01
  • Page Range: 240-251
  • Page Count: 12
  • Language: Romanian