Prehistoric ornaments from vitreous materials. Finds from the Bronze Age cemetery at Câmpina (Prahova county) Cover Image

Podoabe preistorice din materiale vitroase.Descoperiri în cimitirul din epoca bronzului de laCâmpina (jud. Prahova)
Prehistoric ornaments from vitreous materials. Finds from the Bronze Age cemetery at Câmpina (Prahova county)

Author(s): Alin Frînculeasa
Subject(s): Archaeology
Published by: Editura Renaissance
Keywords: Bronze Age, vitreous, glass, faience, beads, Câmpina, grave

Summary/Abstract: In Romanian archaeology the study of prehistoric vitreous materials is still at the stage of typological and chorological classifications, albeit in other areas physico-chemical analyses were performed for identifying the matrix of these products and the debates concerning the technologies of their production reached an advanced level of sophistication. This study is intended as a first and necessary introduction to the modern scientific investigations performed in the Western European archaeology and even the Eastern European one, but which are missing from Romania. Although there had been previous approaches, after 1970 these analyses became very common and sophisticated, accompanied by an extensive bibliography. Physico-chemical investigations on prehistoric vitreous products provided information highly useful to the archaeological discourse and conclusions. It was possible to determine the nature of the raw material, the chemical composition, colouring matters and bleaching agents and the factors that influence the transparency of glass. Another set of results focused on the glass-making technology. The identification of the chemical composition and technological traditions enabled archaeologists to highlight the existence of relationships, trade routes, production areas and of a series of complex technologies known in prehistoric times. Prehistoric vitreous materials discovered in Romania are usually jewellery items such as beads that were part of strings. They are found in graves or hoards. Although beads are not very common findings their presence may be an indication of cultural contacts, knowledge and access to relatively complex technologies.

  • Issue Year: 2013
  • Issue No: 10
  • Page Range: 189-209
  • Page Count: 21
  • Language: Romanian