The Slavonic Vita of Stephen I the Pope of Rome: the Issue of Its Latin or Greek Origin Cover Image
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The Slavonic Vita of Stephen I the Pope of Rome: the Issue of Its Latin or Greek Origin
The Slavonic Vita of Stephen I the Pope of Rome: the Issue of Its Latin or Greek Origin

Author(s): Mariya Yovcheva, Lora Taseva
Subject(s): Literary Texts
Published by: Институт за литература - BAN
Keywords: vita of Pope Stephen I; Slavonic translations; linguistic analysis; Greek original

Summary/Abstract: The objective of the study is to clarify the issue the origin of the source, used for the Slavonic translation of the Vita of Stephen I the Pope of Rome (VS). The five known Slavonic copies – GIM, Undolksij 232 (15th c.), GIM, Synodal collecton No. 997 (1552–1553) and No.183 (1554), RGB, Holy Trinity Lavra of Sergiev Posad No. 680 (16th c.), RNB, No. 1376 of the Hagia Sofia Cathedral in Novgorod (16th c.), both Greek versions (issued by Latyšev 1916) and the Latin text (according to Acta Sanctorum) have been compared. The study showed that most arguments, supporting the Latin origin of the Slavonic translation, as indicated by A. Sobolevsky and V. Mareš, are disputable or even invalid. A part of the so-called traces of a Latin source are errors, occurring in Slavonic environment, which can be found only in Und. 232, or Und. 232 and single other copies, while the other manuscripts keep the correct readings. A number of errors, due to paronymy or omonymy of the Latin words, have parallels in the Greek versions, and therefore they may appear in the Slavonic VS from a Byzantine origin. Other arguments, supporting the hypothesis of a Greek origin of the Slavonic translation of the VS, have also been provided: semantic equivalence of the Slavonic and Greek words, when the respective Latin word shows a partial or complete difference; presence of rare Greek loan-words; Graecisized phonetic form of a number of Latin borrowings.

  • Issue Year: 2010
  • Issue No: 8-9
  • Page Range: 365-385
  • Page Count: 21
  • Language: English