Opening of the Transition to Democracy in Czechoslovakia from the Point af View of Theory af Transition Cover Image
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Otevřeni přechodu k demokracii v Československu z pohledu teorie tranzice
Opening of the Transition to Democracy in Czechoslovakia from the Point af View of Theory af Transition

Author(s): Jan Bureš
Subject(s): Politics / Political Sciences
Published by: Česká společnost pro politické vědy
Keywords: Czechoslovakia; democratization; regime change; transitology

Summary/Abstract: The author deals with the problem of denomination of the process of political change in Czechoslovakia in November of 1989, and tries to set this process in the frame of the theory of transition to democracy. He analyses main turning points – events, which influenced the development of political change in Czechoslovakia. The author tries to find more precise term for this process of political change. He is inspired by the study of V. Dvořáková and J. Kunc, and also by the theory of revolution by Lyford P. Edwards and Jaroslav Krejčí. Main theoretical concept is the classification of the phases of transition to democracy by Dankwart Rustow. Author analyses three phases of the Czechoslovak case: 1. Phase of preparation (the both sides recognize own power each other and the find out that they must respect each other), 2. Decisive phase (both sides make agreement about the solution of the situation), 3. Phase of habituation (stabilization of the new democratic political system). The author's conclusion is that the political change in Czechoslovakia is possible to designate as transition to democracy by the collapse of communist system, because the leadership of the Communist Party was not able to solve the economical and political crisis in Czechoslovakia in the 1980s and also was not able to react to the people's demonstrations in November 1989.

  • Issue Year: 10/2004
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 3-27
  • Page Count: 25
  • Language: Czech