The Diplomatic Relations between Romania and Italy: 1879-1914 Cover Image
  • Price 1.80 €

The Diplomatic Relations between Romania and Italy: 1879-1914
The Diplomatic Relations between Romania and Italy: 1879-1914

Author(s): Laura Oncescu-Scurtescu
Subject(s): History
Published by: Editura Cetatea de Scaun
Keywords: Keywords: The Triple Alliance; diplomatic relations; Legation; Romania; Italy Parole chiave: Triplice Alleanza; rapporti diplomatici; Legazione; Romania; Italia

Summary/Abstract: Abstract The reopening of the Eastern crisis has caused a new configuration in the traditional relations between Romania and Italy. The establishment of diplomatic relations at legation level between Rome and Bucharest (December 1878) and the signature of a Consular Convention and an Extradition Convention (August 1880) created the legal framework for progressing the relations between the two states. In the context of the Triple Alliance, the joining of Italy to the Austro-Romanian Treaty of October 1883 appears as a large project designed to increase the military cooperation between the allies through naval and military conventions. Italy was thus involved politically and militarily in an area where it had no direct interest to the exclusive advantages in the Austria-Hungary, Romania and Germany. In this way, the Agreement and its provisions constituted a burden on Italy for as long as this country remained tied to this political-military system. The alliance between Italy and Romania will bring a certain intimacy in the relationship between the two governments, at times well-defined (the Balkan question, relations with Austria-Hungary and Russia), but will also create some moments of tension, as it was the case with the violent campaign staged by the Romanian press against Italy in 1912, during the Italo-Turkish war. Riasunto Il riaprire della crisi orientale, ha detterminato una nuova configurazione in quanto riguarda gli tradizionali relazioni tra Romania e Italia. La stabilire dei raporti diplomatici a livello di Legazione tra Roma e Bucarest (nel 5 dicembre 1878), poi la firma a Bucarest, di una Convenzione Consulare e una Convenzione di Estradizione (5/17 agosto 1880) danno il quadro giuridico di sviluppo dei rapporti tra i due stati. Nel contesto della Triplice Alleanza, l’asscensione dell’ Italia al trattato austro-romeno del 30 Ottobre 1883, apparve comme un ampio progetto di estensione della collaborazione militare tra gli alleati attraverso delle convenzioni militari e navali. Cosi, Italia si vede implicata, politicamente e militarmente, in un settore dove non aveva interessi diretti e imediati, in avantaggio esclusivo dell’ Austria-Ungheria, de la Romania e della Germania. In questo modo, l’accordo ei i suoi provvedimenti seguivano a gravare sull’ Italia tanto tempo quanto si manteneva legata a questo sistema politico-militare. L’alleanza italo-romena portera, in qualsiasi caso, ad una certa intimita nei rapporti tra i due governi in momenti ben determinati (le questione balcaniche, i rapporti con l’Austria-Ungheria e con la Russia), ma avra nello stesso tempo i momenti di tensione, comme fu quello della violenta campagna scattata dalla stampa romena contra l’Italia nel 1912, durante la guerra italo-turca.

  • Issue Year: 2009
  • Issue No: 11
  • Page Range: 36-52
  • Page Count: 17
  • Language: English