The musical polylinguism of the gypsies in Bulgaria (Speculation about 84 audiocassettes)  Cover Image
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Музикалният полилингвизъм на циганите в България (Наблюдения върху 84 аудиокасети)
The musical polylinguism of the gypsies in Bulgaria (Speculation about 84 audiocassettes)

Author(s): Lozanka Peycheva
Subject(s): Anthropology
Published by: Институт за етнология и фолклористика с Етнографски музей при БАН

Summary/Abstract: The study is based on the material from 84 audiocassettes produced in Bulgaria during the period 1991-1995. The records under question are various kinds of ethnomusic (Bulgarian, Gypsy, Turkish, Serbian, Greek, Rumanian, Indian, Arab, etc.) in most cases performed by Gypsy musicians. The article outlines the different aspects of the production of audiocassettes, determined by the main personalities in the chain of this musical industry; producer-performer-seller. The repertoire included in the audiocassettes studied is treated in two aspects – selection and order. The analysis of instrumental music starts from the used instruments and morphology of the instrumental pieces, and from the arrangements of the songs. The most recorded Bulgarian hora (dances) and the attractive titles of dozens of Gypsy „ koҫek” (belly dances) have been mentioned. Attention has been drawn to some schools and styles of performing instrumental Gypsy music. The songs recorded have been treated from several view points: tempo, structure, themes, vocalists and unique singing styles. The certain manifestations and reasons for the phenomenon musical polylinguism of Gypsy musicians have been traced in the end of the article.

  • Issue Year: XXI/1995
  • Issue No: 6
  • Page Range: 58-72
  • Page Count: 15
  • Language: Bulgarian