Nichifor Crainic and Orthodoxy in Offensive Cover Image
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Nichifor Crainic şi ortodoxia în ofensivă
Nichifor Crainic and Orthodoxy in Offensive

Author(s): Mircea Popa
Subject(s): Cultural Essay, Political Essay, Societal Essay
Published by: Renaşterea Cluj
Keywords: Nichifor Crainic, Calendarul newspaper, nation, Christianity, Orthodoxy

Summary/Abstract: A leading fi gure decades ago, Nichifor Crainic has now stepped into obscurity. Between the two world wars, there were several publications, true centres of cultural remodelling, that could infl uence public opinion in a much faster and stronger manner. The author mentioned E. Lovinescu, Sburătorul magazine, Nae Ionescu and Cuvântul newspaper. The third intellectual pole spread from Gândirea and its spiritual mentor, Nichifor Crainic, who benefi ted from the early collaboration and support of a very gifted group of writers like Lucian Blaga, Gib I. Mihăescu, Cezar Petrescu, Adrian Maniu, Vasile Voiculescu, Ion Pillat etc. Traditionalist and ethnicist by education and understanding of the Romanian existence, this group was also strongly linked to the Church and its role as a guide in people’s every day life, seeing the faith and Orthodox Christianity as a genuine, yet complete form of spiritual manifestation. In 1932, N. Crainic created the newspaper Calendarul, where he displays an attitude towards the political ideas of the time, choosing militant Christianity as a solution. The imperative of Christianity, the national consciousness, the Church and school, social cohesion around religion and culture are some ideas emerging from his articles. In some of them, Crainic signals the work of Orthodox intellectuals from Transylvania, with special stress on the founding of the association “Romanian Orthodox Brotherhood”.

  • Issue Year: IV/2010
  • Issue No: 10
  • Page Range: 65-70
  • Page Count: 6
  • Language: Romanian