The Role of Calendar Rituals in the Socialization of the Individual Cover Image
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Ролята на календарната обредност за социализацията на индивида
The Role of Calendar Rituals in the Socialization of the Individual

Author(s): Petya Bankova
Subject(s): Anthropology
Published by: Институт за етнология и фолклористика с Етнографски музей при БАН

Summary/Abstract: The article aims at revealing some major aspects of the role of Bulgarian traditional calendar customs in the socialization of the individual. Here are analyzed the most typical and well-examined in the ethnological literature Christmas and New Year rituals the rites, fulfilled on St. Lazarus's Day and rain-rites. In all of them the participation of children and juvenies is almost obligatory. An attempt is made to reveal their dynamic character, and the changes occuring in the contemporary period. The including of children as passive onlookers or as active participants in those ritual complexes underlines the socializing function of calendar rituals: to maintain the type of public relations, acknowledged as common to the whole community; to broaden and enrich the world-view system, the notions about the structure of the world, the natural and disaster phenomena, etc.; to incorporate the individual in the official religious system in the society; to establish and maintain his self-identity and the corresponding psycho-sexual orientation, etc. All this leads to the fulfillment of the main goal of the socializing process - to train each member of a given community from his earliest age in abilities to perceive, preserve and transfer in the future the ethnospecific peculiarities of his culture to the following generations.

  • Issue Year: 1992
  • Issue No: 4
  • Page Range: 19-27
  • Page Count: 9
  • Language: Bulgarian