Units artillery of the polish army in the years 1945–1949 – organization, dislocations and armament Cover Image

Samodzielne jednostki artylerii Wojska Polskiego w latach 1945-1949 – organizacja, dyslokacja i wyposażenie
Units artillery of the polish army in the years 1945–1949 – organization, dislocations and armament

Author(s): Witold Jarno
Subject(s): History
Published by: Instytut Historii UJK - Filia w Piotrkowie Trybunalskim
Keywords: artillery; Polish army; Poland; history

Summary/Abstract: The article describes the history of artillery units of the Polish Army in the first years after the Second World War – in particular, their organization, dislocation and armament. In 1945, in the Polish army were many units of artillery, including two artillery divisions, three anti-aircraft divisions, two independent artillery brigades, four anti-tank artillery brigade, one brigade mortars, two regiments of mortars and several smaller units. After the war ended artillery units received a new organization, according to which reduced their number and limited amount cannons. The basic types of independent artillery units – according to new structure of the Polish army – were independent brigades and regiments, and in the years 1946–1949 – independent brigades and battalions. Budgetary constraints army and high costs of maintenance artillery forced the military authorities to continue the policy of limiting the combat strength of units. Still autumn of 1945 was liquidated divisional level in the artillery, but the reorganization of these divisions in the brigades of the regimental structure allowed them to fulfil role of skeletal artillery division and enabled at the beginning of the 50s rapid expansion of this type of weapon. A similar role were played in the second half of the 40th independent regiments and battalions of artillery. Despite a few reorganization independent artillery units – military authorities managed to keep a core part of this kind of weapon. Initially most higher commanders in the artillery units were officers of the Soviet Army, and the process of replacing their Polish officers took place very slowly. The article also discusses the deployment of the artillery units, their armament, and appurtenance to the military districts.

  • Issue Year: 15/2014
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 258-283
  • Page Count: 27
  • Language: Polish