Studies in Uralic Etymology II: Finnic Etymologies Cover Image

Studies in Uralic Etymology II: Finnic Etymologies
Studies in Uralic Etymology II: Finnic Etymologies

Author(s): Aikio Ante
Subject(s): Language and Literature Studies
Published by: Teaduste Akadeemia Kirjastus
Keywords: Uralic languages; Finnic languages; etymology; historical ­phonology

Summary/Abstract: This paper is the second part in a series of studies that present additions to the corpus of etymological comparisons between the Uralic languages, drawing data from all the major branches of the language family. It includes both previously unnoticed cognates that can be added to already established Uralic cognate sets, as well as a few completely new reconstructions of Uralic word roots. In this second part new Uralic etymologies for the following Finnish words are discussed: aita ’fence’ (< PU *ajta), ammottaa ’gape open’ (< PU *ammV- ’yawn’), kaiho ’longing, yearning’ (< PU *kajšV ’illness’), katkera ’bitter’, katku ’burnt smell’, katketa ’break in two’ (< PU *kačka- ’bite’), korpi ’dense forest, wildwood’ (< PU *korpi), ohut ’thin’ (< PU *wokši), puhjeta ’burst; open (of ­flowers)’, putkahtaa ’emerge, come up, pop up’ (< PU *pučki ’hollow stalk, tube’), and sato ’harvest, crops’, sataa ’yield harvest’ (< PU *čača- ’grow’). The principles of reconstruction and the citation of lexical material are explained in the first paper of the series (Luobbal Sám­mol Sámmol Ánte (Aikio) 2013).

  • Issue Year: L/2014
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 1-19
  • Page Count: 19
  • Language: English