Studies in Uralic Etymology III: Finnic Etymologies Cover Image

Studies in Uralic Etymology III: Finnic Etymologies
Studies in Uralic Etymology III: Finnic Etymologies

Author(s): Aikio Ante
Subject(s): Language and Literature Studies
Published by: Teaduste Akadeemia Kirjastus
Keywords: Uralic languages; Mari languages; etymology; historical ­phonology

Summary/Abstract: This paper is the third part in a series of studies that present additions to the corpus of etymological comparisons between the Uralic languages, drawing data from all the major branches of the language family. It includes both previously unnoticed cognates that can be added to already established Uralic cognate sets, as well as a few completely new reconstructions of Uralic word roots. In this third part new Uralic etymologies for the following Mari words are discussed: MariE jǝ̑me-, MariW jǝme- ‘go numb’ (< PU *jämä-), MariE jičke-, MariW jǝčke- ‘pick, pluck, pull’ (< PU *ńičkä-), MariE wüt-kowǝ̑, MariW koe, ko ‘wave’ (< PU *kompa), MariE lewe, MariW liwe ‘warm’ (< PU *lämpi), MariE nöńča- ‘shape, form’ (< PU *ńi̮nča- / *ńanča- ‘stretch’), MariE lüδa-, MariW lüδä- ‘be afraid’ (< PU *li̮dV-), MariE pǝ̑ze-, MariW pǝze- ‘hold, cling to’ (< PU *pitä-), MariE šuma-, MariW šǝ̑ma- ‘become tired, languish’ (< PU *śoma-), MariE šüδa-, MariW šüδä- ‘clear (wood, road, field, etc.)’ (< PU *si̮nti-), MariE tüž, tüjüž, MariW tüž ‘pregnant (of animals)’ (< PU *tejniš). The principles of reconstruction and the citation of lexical material are explained in the first paper of the series (Aikio 2013). The reconstruction of Proto-Mari vocalism applied in this paper is argued in more detail by Aikio (2014).

  • Issue Year: L/2014
  • Issue No: 2
  • Page Range: 81-93
  • Page Count: 13
  • Language: English