The Fiume Question 1918 - 1920 Cover Image

The Fiume Question 1918 - 1920
The Fiume Question 1918 - 1920

Author(s): Lóránt Bali, László Gulyás
Subject(s): History
Published by: Eötvös Loránd Tudományegyetem, Új-és Jelenkori Egyetemes Történeti Tanszék
Keywords: Dissolution of the Habsburg Empire; Italian - Croation conflict; Fiume question; Allied Forces; Southern Slav policy; Francesco Nitti; Gabriele D'Annunzio

Summary/Abstract: After the dissolution of the Austro - Hungarian Monarchy a serious and adventureous period started in the life of Fiume. The Italian and the Croatian inhabitants started a heavy struggle for the city. The great powers were unwilling to give the city over to Italy. The Fiume question led to heated discussion in the Versailles peace talks. On August 24 Italian nationalists and fascists launched a military action in order to prevent an agreement with the Southern Slav state to give the city over to them. Gabriele D'Annunzio declared the military control over the city. On November 12, 1920 the new Giolitti government signed an agreement with Yugoslavia in Rapallo. According to the agreement Fiume became a free state, but it enjoyed its free status for a few years only. In 1924 Fiume became part of Italy.

  • Issue Year: 2011
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 143 - 150
  • Page Count: 8
  • Language: English