“Solidarity” and the democratic opposition in the Polish People’s Republic in 1982‑1988 and the problem of political realism Cover Image
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„Solidarność” i opozycja demokratyczna w PRL w latach 1982‑1988 a problem realizmu politycznego
“Solidarity” and the democratic opposition in the Polish People’s Republic in 1982‑1988 and the problem of political realism

Author(s): Jan Olaszek
Subject(s): Politics / Political Sciences
Published by: KSIĘGARNIA AKADEMICKA Sp. z o.o.
Keywords: the opposition in the Polish People’s Republic; the underground “Solidarity”; political realism

Summary/Abstract: How a realist oppositionist could keep being during the martial law? He could not accept the actions of the authorities, because it would mean giving up their ideological identity. The political realism of oppositionist must lead to demands of cancellation of martial law and stop the repression. “Solidarity” during the martial law sustained idealistic goals: program of “Autonomous Republic” and in the future democratic and independent state. Realism method consisted of choosing forms of action that can be used with success. It can be said that a realistic attitude was Lech Walesa in internment, which relied on government inducements to support the martial law, and while there he didn’t give radical slogans and tried to make a realistic political action. Similarly, you can define the actions of leaders of underground “Solidarity”. They are generally approached from a distance to the ideas of a general strike, considering it is not unrealistic, but rather a legitimate considering the concept of the underground society and the long march. In terms of the discussion on political realism, you can also look at the main debate within the “Solidarity” in the second half of the 80th: for making public action and the pursuit of compromise. In conclusion we can say that all the time since martial law opposition was balanced between idealism and realism.

  • Issue Year: 10/2013
  • Issue No: 25
  • Page Range: 159-168
  • Page Count: 10
  • Language: Polish