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Културна технология и културен пейзаж
Cultural Technology and Cultural Landscape

Author(s): Krasimira Krastanova
Subject(s): Anthropology
Published by: Институт за етнология и фолклористика с Етнографски музей при БАН

Summary/Abstract: It is accepted that natural landscape as an object of investigation is situated in the field of Geography and its artistic representation refers to the interest of art criticism. The crossing of these two points of view helps to clarify the essence of the notion, and then, to look for its anthropological dimensions. The view of constructivism, accepted here, presents landscape as an artificially created phenomenon, which is a part of the material surrounding of man and reveals its complex essence. It is defined generally by the ideas concerning nature, by the work activity and the cultural activity, influencing directly the environment, by the processes of aesthetization and symbolization, on the basis of which landscape is included in the value scale of society. From that point of view one can speak of cultural landscape, since man participates actively in its creation and consumption. The article is focussed on the crossing point of cultural technology and cultural landscape. On the one hand, it is connected to using, innovating and adapting specific techniques, on the other – to preserving the relations with the natural environment, created in the process of labor. The creation of cultural products is a result of deliberate activity for giving shape to the material according to the functions of the object and giving sense according to the practical and symbolic modes of use. Therefore the very act of influencing the natural environment could be viewed as a “side effect” of the deliberate labor activity. The evaluation of the kind and quality of the produced raw materials influences the breeding and reproduction of certain animal and plant species. In this way it forms a specific vegetation and animal environment, visualized in scenery and landscapes, which we call natural, but which are actually a result of the human practice.

  • Issue Year: XXX/2004
  • Issue No: 3
  • Page Range: 68-82
  • Page Count: 15
  • Language: Bulgarian