Imitatives in child language: reduplication, morphology and vague word class distinctions Cover Image

Imitatiivide kohast lastekeeles: reduplikatsioonist, morfoloogiast ja sõnaliigilisest ambivalentsusest
Imitatives in child language: reduplication, morphology and vague word class distinctions

Author(s): Reili Argus
Subject(s): Language and Literature Studies
Published by: Eesti Rakenduslingvistika Ühing (ERÜ)
Keywords: keeleomandamine; lapsekeel; onomatopoeetilised sõnad; imitatiivid; reduplikatsioon; pre- ja protomorfoloogia; hoidjakeel; eesti keel ;estonian linguistics ; child language

Summary/Abstract: The focus of the article is on the acquisition of the distinctly differentiated lexical layer of onomatopoetic words, imitatives. Both early onomatopoetic words in general and imitatives are in a period when there are no morphological characteristics in the language usage of a child and syntactic characteristics can not be spoken of due to the absence of multi-word expressions, belonging to ambivalent word class. Imitatives are short language units that need no morphological change and can therefore be used in a so-called readymade form. This enables a child to be a member of a language collective and communicate already in a pre-morphological period when the inflexion system has not yet been acquired. Imitatives are frequent and early in the language of a child, caused mainly by their frequent use in the parental language and the propounding conditioned by the reduplicative structure. Already early imitatives are characterized by the regular alteration of sounds characteristic to onomatopoetic words. The usage of onomatopoetic words depends to a certain extent on socio-cultural aspects: a certain language room has its characteristic words based on a number of traditional routine situations. As the child ages, in a protomorphological stage when the acquisition of morphology begins, the onomatopoetic words and imitatives become morphologically more complicated both in the usage of a child and the parent, also in the course of ageing there shall be less routine situations containing onomatopoetic words in conversations. It can be deduced that the more general purpose of a frequent use of onomatopoetic words and imitatives is the attempt of the one speaking with the child to simplify the process of their conversation. The usage of supportive verbal constructions and the later use of deduced verbs with a similar lexical content demonstrates especially clearly the speaking ability of a child to adapt his own language use according to his development.

  • Issue Year: 2005
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 019-034
  • Page Count: 16
  • Language: Estonian