The fight of Russia against Islamic fundamentalism in the North Caucasus Cover Image

Борбата на Русия с ислямския фундаментализъм в Северен Кавказ
The fight of Russia against Islamic fundamentalism in the North Caucasus

Author(s): Petar Yordanov Nenkov
Subject(s): Politics / Political Sciences, Politics, History, Social Sciences, Sociology, Military history, Political history, Security and defense
Published by: Висше училище по сигурност и икономика (ВУСИ)
Keywords: Russian-Chechen wars; deportation of Chechens and Ingush from the Caucasus to Middle Asia during the Second World War; Islamic fundamentalism and terrorism

Summary/Abstract: The roots of the conflict between Russia and the Caucasian peoples have a two-hundred-year history, and it begins with the Caucasus's conquest of Russian Tsarism in the middle of the nineteenth century. For the sympathy and support of the German troops during the Great Patriotic War (1941 – 1945), there was a deportation of nearly 500,000 Chechen and Ingush from the Caucasus to Central Asia. In the 1990s, a military conflict broke out between the Russian Federation and the Chechen autonomous republic, which had become an outpost of Islamic fundamentalism in the Caucasus. The first Chechen war took place from December 1994 until the summer of 1996. The Second Chechen War took place between 1999 and 2000. At the end of January 2008, Chechen President Ramzan Kadyrov said that the separatist forces in the republic were totally defeated and that Chechnya continued to be an integral part of the Russian Federation. On April 16, 2009, Russia ended its anti-terrorist activity in the troubled autonomous republic, ending this long-standing conflict, taking the lives of tens of thousands and causing huge material damage.

  • Issue Year: XIV/2017
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 76-85
  • Page Count: 10
  • Language: Bulgarian