The second balkan war - 1913 - causes of the outbreak, the course of the combat actions and results Cover Image

Втората балканска война - 1913 - причини за избухването, ход на бойните действия и резултати
The second balkan war - 1913 - causes of the outbreak, the course of the combat actions and results

Author(s): Petar Yordanov Nenkov
Subject(s): History, Military history
Published by: Висше училище по сигурност и икономика (ВУСИ)
Keywords: The Second Balkan War; Bucharest and Constantinople peace treaties; genocide; First National Catastrophe

Summary/Abstract: The Second Balkan War was an armed conflict between Bulgaria, on the one hand, and Serbia, Greece, Montenegro, Romania and the Ottoman Empire, on the other. The reason for the war was the dispute between the countries of the Balkan Union over the distribution of lands taken from the Ottoman Empire during the First Balkan War. The fighting broke out on June 16, 1913 after an unsuccessful attempt by the 2nd and 4th Bulgarian armies to drive the Serbian and Greek troops out of the occupied territories. In its quest for territorial expansion at the expense of Bulgaria, on June 28, Romania joined the conflict. On July 6, the Ottoman Empire intervened, crossing the Media-Enos border and capturing Edirne. The Serb and Greek offensive in Macedonia was stopped by the Bulgarian army at Kresna and Kalimantsi, but Romanian troops crossed the Danube, reached Sofia and forced the Bulgarian government to demand a truce. With the Bucharest Peace Treaty of August 10th, Bulgaria was forced to cede most of Macedonia to its former allies and southern Dobruja to Romania. With the Constantinople Peace Treaty of September 29, the Ottoman Empire regained Eastern Thrace. The Bulgarian population in the conquered lands was subjected to genocide, and Bulgaria is experiencing its first national catastrophe.

  • Issue Year: XIX/2022
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 20-36
  • Page Count: 17
  • Language: Bulgarian