Correlation between the temporal meaning of the antepreterite and the text in Slovak Cover Image

Korelácia medzi temporálnym významom antepréterita a textom v slovenčine
Correlation between the temporal meaning of the antepreterite and the text in Slovak

Author(s): Jana Kesselová
Subject(s): Language and Literature Studies, Applied Linguistics, Western Slavic Languages
Published by: Jazykovedný ústav Ľudovíta Štúra Slovenskej akadémie vied
Keywords: antepreterite; reminiscence narration; intertextuality; pragmatic commentary; personal style; Slovak;

Summary/Abstract: Research on the relationship between antepreterite (AnteP) and the text focuses on the following questions: (a) To what extent is an antepreterite a living form in Slovak? (b) Does antepreterite function as a grapheme with a temporal function or is it a stylistic variant of the preterite (past tense)? (c) How do the functions of antepreterite correlate with the oral/written realization of the text and its stylistic differentiation (scientific/ journalistic style)? The research is carried out on the extensive material of the corresponding sub-corpora of the Slovak National Corpus and the Slovak Spoken Corpus. The results can be summarized as follows: (a) AnteP is a marginal form, its frequency in the written text has significantly decreased since the mid- 1990s; in orally realized communication, its speakers are mainly in the 70-90 age range. At the same time, however, it is a living form in some specific functions: in spoken text, as a means of social and personal deixis, it characterizes a person using what he or she has had. In memoir narrative, it signals the experience of spatial, temporal, and generational distance. In the scientific style, the AnteP of communicative verbs dominates. It specifically functions as a means of intertextuality. In the 1st person singular (as I had told/ ako som bol povedal; as I had written/ ako som bol napísal) it refers to a communicative act from the quite recent past. From a temporal identifier, it becomes a pragmatic comment. In the journalistic style, the rate of representation of AnteP is the lowest, but the rate of innovation of its form and function is the highest. Antepreterite is most prominent in journalistic texts as a stylistic variant of preterite and a part of the individual personal style of an author.

  • Issue Year: 87/2022
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 37-60
  • Page Count: 24
  • Language: Slovak
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