Legal Protection Of People And Property In The 911 Contract Between Russia And Byzantium Cover Image

Krivičnopravna zaštita ljudi i imovine u ugovoru Rusije i Vizantije iz 911. godine
Legal Protection Of People And Property In The 911 Contract Between Russia And Byzantium

Author(s): Dragan Nikolić
Subject(s): History
Published by: Универзитет у Нишу
Keywords: Prince Oleg; Russia; Byzantium; legal history; criminal law

Summary/Abstract: This paper focuses on the historical and legal analysis of the Contract between Russia and Byzantium dating from 911, which is one of the oldest Slavic legal texts that have been preserved until the present time. As a firstclass historical source, the Contract is of the utmost importance for the history of the Middle Ages, the Russian and Slavic history in general, but also for the history of the most ancient Russian law, and therefore, the Slavic law too. Attention is paid to the content of the norms of the criminal law which protects people and their property. The content of these legal norms is analyzed in the context of the ancient Russian common law, which the Contract refers to several times, naming it ''the Russian Law'', but also in the context of the legal code ''The Russian Pravda'' which is a hundred years younger. The aim of the research was to show that certain regulations of the Contract not only represent the time when they were written, but also carry in themselves the echo of the previous decades and even centuries. In other words, these regulations represent the time when the first elements of authority towards the early state were being built and when many primeval customs and common rules of the primordial community were being transformed into legal customs and unwritten legal norms, while the primordial clan tribal organization was falling apart.

  • Issue Year: 2012
  • Issue No: 02
  • Page Range: 787-796
  • Page Count: 10
  • Language: Serbian