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Епистемологията на Поанкаре
Poincarй’s Epistemology

Author(s): Liuben Sivilov
Subject(s): Philosophy
Published by: Институтът по философия и социология при БАН

Summary/Abstract: Poincarй is a brilliant thinker. His extraordinary gifts not only put him in an outstanding position among humanity’s greatest men, but also allowed him to complete the development of an extraordinary idea. If his favorite maxim “conventions sont commodes” is translated in such a way as not only to be comprehensible for the broad public, but also to derive from his whole creative work, it should run in bulgarian as follows: savpadeniata sa savmestimi. Then the facts (coincidence classes) and laws (coincidences between interrelated facts), which have been the base of scientific knowledge from its origination to the present day, together with the coincidences among our varying points of view (conventions) can be made compatible and a harmony achieved, a harmony akin to the comfort the human body feels in well fitting and desired clothes. Only when we name correctly adequately the techniques, invented by Poincarй, can we account for significance of human knowledge: (1) the objective reality, independent on humans, where our attention is attracted by the realized coincidences, arising in our mind the idea of objective law and (2) free choice of a personal point of view, which for our convenience, should be compatible with the point of view of all other observers, because they could turn out to be either smarter or more obsevant than us. These two important requirements should harmonize one another mutually and as a common structure, i.e. they should obtain an identity form – turned into instruments which by themselves are neither true, nor false, but only adequate for the occasion, for what is going on, for our choice. It is difficult to reach the core of such a brilliant idea, aimed at representing the chaos and the contradictions in it as a an universal harmony, where the chaotic manifests itself as a liberated spontaneity, while the contradictions – a child’s desire to destroy the undestroyable.

  • Issue Year: XIII/2004
  • Issue No: 3
  • Page Range: 22-37
  • Page Count: 16
  • Language: Bulgarian