EXECUTIVE SUMMARY. US TRANSIT CENTER AT MANAS Cover Image

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY. US TRANSIT CENTER AT MANAS
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY. US TRANSIT CENTER AT MANAS

Author(s): Specified No Author
Subject(s): International relations/trade, Security and defense, Military policy, Geopolitics, Peace and Conflict Studies
Published by: NATO Strategic Communications Centre of Excellence
Keywords: Manas International Airport; air base; military operations; US military presence; Transit Center at Manas; Russian government; Kyrgyzstan;
Summary/Abstract: In 2001, the United States established a strategic air base at the Manas International Airport in Kyrgyzstan to support its military operation in Afghanistan. In return, Kyrgyzstan received at least USD 318 million in direct investment and additional indirect financial and non-financial benefits from the US. Russia, however, was wary of a long-term US military presence in the region, and tried to exert pressure on Kyrgyzstan to close the Transit Center. The Russian government made generous offers of financial and economic assistance, while simultaneously exerting diplomatic pressure on the Kyrgyz government. The Russian media focused extensively on supposed negative impacts of the Transit Center at Manas. Russian pressure on Kyrgyzstan would likely have been much stronger from the beginning, had it not been for the US-Russian dialogue in the wake of the Global War on Terror (2001) and the US-Russian grand ‘reset’ attempt (2009). Kyrgyz public opinion grew increasingly critical of the US military presence in the country. Using increasing Russian pressure and growing anti-American public opinion in Kyrgyzstan as bargaining chips, the Kyrgyz government managed to considerably increase US payments. The Transit Center at Manas (TCM) was eventually closed in 2014.

  • Page Count: 26
  • Publication Year: 2019
  • Language: English