The Middle East and North Africa as Ukraine's sphere of interests Cover Image

Близький Схід і Північна Африка як сфера інтересів України
The Middle East and North Africa as Ukraine's sphere of interests

Author(s): O. V. Litvinenko
Subject(s): International relations/trade
Published by: НІСД Національний інститут стратегічних досліджень
Keywords: Ukjraine and Middle East; Ukraine and Maghreb-States; Ukraine and North Africa; failed democracy;
Summary/Abstract: This report is dedicated to the region traditionally referred to as the Middle East and North Africa (MENA, hereinafter referred to as the Ukrainian equivalent of this abbreviation - BSPA). Its borders almost reproduce the perimeter of the former Ottoman Empire with the exception of its European possessions. The region currently includes a number of Arab countries and one autonomy: Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Kuwait, the KSA, Qatar, Bahrain, the UAE, Oman, Yemen, Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, and the Palestinian Authority1. In this report, we will follow a conservative - that is, narrow - definition of the region's borders. A special place on the map of the region is occupied by three non-Arab countries (more precisely, countries with a predominantly non-Arab population) - Israel, Turkey and Iran. As of the beginning of 2020, the population of the region is 449 million people, and the total GDP is 3.61 trillion dollars. The region covers a number of countries with different levels of economic, political and social development: from the G20 member states of the world's largest economies to middle-income countries, poor countries and at least four failed & fragile states.

  • Page Count: 85
  • Publication Year: 2020
  • Language: Ukrainian