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Agriculture (in Yugoslavia)
Agriculture (in Yugoslavia)

Author(s): D. Beatrice McCown
Subject(s): Cultural history, Agriculture, Economic history
Published by: CEEOL Collections / Digital Reproductions
Keywords: Ottoman Empire; Balkan Agriculture;
Summary/Abstract: At the end of the First World War, when the Yugoslavs were finally united, one of the most serious problems facing the newly formed state was that of land tenure and agrarian reform. Almost 80 per cent of the population was engaged in agriculture, for industry had been only slightly developed in the sections formerly under foreign domination. Moreover, every degree of land reform or its total absence could be found. In the former Kingdom of Serbia, feudalism had been abolished when freedom from the Ottoman Empire was attained in 1833. Estates of Turkish landlords were confiscated without indemnity, and former Serbian serfs became peasant farmers in their own right. When additional territory was conquered from the Turks in 1878, confiscation of estates again took place, although this time the Turkish landowners were compensated for their loss.

  • Page Range: 151-168
  • Page Count: 18
  • Publication Year: 1949
  • Language: English