To the Problem of Ukek Chronology and Sites in Its Environs Cover Image

К вопросу о хронологии Укека и памятников его округи
To the Problem of Ukek Chronology and Sites in Its Environs

Author(s): Dmitry A. Kubankin
Subject(s): History, Archaeology, Human Geography, Regional Geography, Historical Geography, Middle Ages, 13th to 14th Centuries
Published by: Издательский дом Stratum, Университет «Высшая антропологическая школа»
Keywords: Golden Horde; Saratov Region; Ukek city; numismatics; civil discord;Abdullah;
Summary/Abstract: Written sources, numismatic finds and the stratigraphy of the site are employed to retrace the chronology of Ukek. Stages associated with the ruling khans are revealed. Principal changes in the city development are demonstrated. The chronology of the urban center is compared with the data on the adjacent settlements. The intensive development of Ukek and individual sites in its vicinity in 1260-1270s, alongside with its growing administrative influence during the rule of Tokhta, a substantial increase of the city area and that of the number of settlement monuments in the Uzbek and Jani Beg periods are specified. An assumption is made as to the devastation of Ukek and some of the adjacent areas during the last years of Abdullah’s rule and its subsequent decay in the 1370s. A brief recovery during the rule of Tokhtamysh, as well as a practically total absence of any materials related to the periods following Tamerlane’s invasion in 1395 are noted.