On Fortification of the Bolgar Hillfort in the 14th Century Cover Image

О фортификации Болгарского городища в XIV в.
On Fortification of the Bolgar Hillfort in the 14th Century

Author(s): Vladimir Yu. Koval, Pavel Ye. Rusakov
Subject(s): History, Archaeology, Military history, Middle Ages, 13th to 14th Centuries
Published by: Издательский дом Stratum, Университет «Высшая антропологическая школа»
Keywords: Golden Horde; Bolgar city; fortification; earthen embankments; rampart excavation technique.
Summary/Abstract: The authors consider views of the researchers who have studied the fortification of the Bolgar city (the capital of Volga Bulgaria in the 9th to 15th cc.) in the second half of the 20th century. Their conclusions about the “pillar structure” towers above the 14th-century rampart and the wooden walls of similar design are refuted by the data of the excavations conducted by them. The new excavation data revealed that the rampart around Bolgar represented an embankment with the crest lacking any traces of additional defensive structures. It is supposed that their absence is due to the loss of fortification traditions during the rule of the Golden Horde (13th and 14th centuries).