The Golden Horde Bilyar Cover Image

Золотоордынский Биляр
The Golden Horde Bilyar

Author(s): Svetlana I. Valiulina
Subject(s): History, Archaeology, Middle Ages, 13th to 14th Centuries
Published by: Издательский дом Stratum, Университет «Высшая антропологическая школа»
Keywords: Golden Horde; Bilyar town; Golden Horde Bilyar; 1240s — middle of the 14th century; material culture; ceramics
Summary/Abstract: The article presents the results of the first studies on one of the early Mongol towns in Eastern Europe — the Golden Horde Bilyar. Rescue excavations on the site were carried out by the expedition of Kazan State University in 1994—1998. The researchers established that the town originated from scratch, almost out of touch with the pre-Mongol cultural tradition. The rich material culture of the site illustrates the initial stage in cultural development of the Golden Horde in the Middle Volga region, and its main ethno-cultural components based on pottery and stucco ceramics. Highly artistic works illustrate the conquerors’ progress into the Middle Volga area. Products by masters from Central Asia and the Middle East, together with numismatics data, specify the period of existence of this town: 1240s — first half of the 14th century.

  • Page Range: 379-412
  • Page Count: 34
  • Publication Year: 2019
  • Language: Russian