Responsible Tourism Initiatives: Comparative Study Cover Image

Responsible Tourism Initiatives: Comparative Study
Responsible Tourism Initiatives: Comparative Study

Author(s): Bistra Vassileva
Subject(s): Economy, Marketing / Advertising, Tourism
Published by: Икономически университет - Варна
Keywords: responsible tourism; CSR; micro and small tourism companies
Summary/Abstract: Tourism is one of the world’s largest and fastest growing economic sectors. In 2015 the number of international tourist arrivals surpassed 1.2 billion with a forecast to reach 1.8 billion in 2030 according to the UNWTO. Within this continuing growth of tourism there is a growing trend and a raising consumer awareness for sustainable and responsible tourism. Since more than 90% of tourism companies in EU are small businesses, individual entrepreneurs or family houses, they do not have a capacity to exploit the opportunities offered by these new ‘green’ markets. Present paper provides results from a transnational study among micro and small tourist companies in seven EU countries - the Netherlands, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Northern Ireland, Bulgaria, and Malta. The research is conducted online and focuses on the attitudes toward CSR, the effect of CSR on company strategy, including marketing and brand strategy. Based on research results several implications for responsible tourism initiatives launched by micro and small companies are presented.