State of Crime and its Control in the USA Cover Image

Stanje kriminaliteta u SAD i njegova kontrola
State of Crime and its Control in the USA

Author(s): Đorđe M. Ignjatović
Subject(s): Criminal Law, Criminology
Published by: Institut za uporedno pravo
Keywords: USA; crime trends; crime factors; crime control; criminal justice
Summary/Abstract: The paper first of all briefly analysis the phenomenological and etiological problems of crime in USA. Then it points out the ways in which crime control is being effected in the United States. Regarding the issues of crime structure and dynamics, the data of Uniform Crime Reports, National Incident-Based Reporting System, Victimization Surveys and Self-Report Studies were used. Then, there are briefly presented the ways in which american criminologists explain why US crime rate is one of the highest in the world, as well as why it has been changed during the last two decades. When considering crime control, there have been firstly analyzed its informal mechanisms; then, the accent was put on the formal crime control exibited by work of the police, courts and correction institutions. There were concisely presented penal philosophies that have been fully expressed by two models of criminal procedure (crime control model and due prosess model), and problematized the approach seeing the purpose of crime control agencies in simultaneous achieving of several incompatible goals: deterrence, incapacitation, retribution, rehabilitation and restoration. Instead of a conclusion, the key trends and topics of crime control in USA today are addressed: decline in crime; fear of crime; growing role of the victim; growing prison population; race and crime; women and crime; children and violence; and terrorism and civil liberties. At the end it is concluded that the views of american criminologists as well as the present solutions in the US legal system must not be overlooked, neither in the area of theoretical thought nor in the practical operatring in crime control.

  • Page Range: 163-182
  • Page Count: 20
  • Publication Year: 2008
  • Language: Serbian