The use of the instruments of international politics in the U.S. and Russian security influences in the Balkans and security dynamics of the European Union Cover Image

Употребата на инструментите на меѓународната политика во сигурносните влијанија на САД и Русија на Балканот и поместување на сигурноста на европската унија
The use of the instruments of international politics in the U.S. and Russian security influences in the Balkans and security dynamics of the European Union

Author(s): Oliver Andonov, Goran Vasilevski
Subject(s): International relations/trade, Security and defense
Published by: Нов български университет
Keywords: USA; Russia; European Union; international relations; instruments for influence; security;
Summary/Abstract: The use of energy resources and economic instruments as well as military effectives and political power in international politics is characteristic of the great powers to the countries and regions where they have interests. The interests of the US and Russia to the Balkans are even more pronounced in the use of instruments of influence, primarily as a result of the fact that the Balkans is a region that is very important and interesting for both countries. The main issue or dilemma arises when examining the pragmatic use of instruments by both countries, and especially the real scope and intensity of their use is in fact the result thereof. Namely, whether the resources deployed give support and result in the creation and implementation of pragmatic policies or whether they are used in vain. In this work, using the example of the Republic of Macedonia and the attitude of the citizens of Macedonia we will try to do a social construct of political pragmatism concerning the cost-effectiveness of instruments and resources used in creating public opinion and policy approach towards the citizens of Macedonia. This dilemma having an impact in the current political and security moment when Macedonia and the Balkans are in crisis and multilayer continuous endangering of security. Moreover, the not making out of the European Union concerning the safety impacts of European security space is perceived in all its negativity. The answer to the dilemma should be a multidisciplinary approach of many social aspects and the combination of theoretical models of the foreign policy of the United States and Russia, their realistic approach to the Balkans, especially in Macedonia and the perception of citizens resulting from a proper or improper use of the instruments. Above all, it is important to note that the created perception of the real positive support by using these instruments is the basis for creating public opinion about the level of friendship to the region or Macedonia, and for the infantile terms of European security policy, which follows exclusively someone’s strategic policy, ignoring their own interests. At the same time, it represents an archetype of accepting traditional values region or attempted insertion of new ones that are contrary to the perception of social norms and behaviors on the Balkans and Macedonia. Realizing the European security policy in this context, we recognize pale attempt to influence the current security risks and threats, which the European Union hardly manages. In this context, USA and Russia take the primary and dominant role in the security on the Balkans, confronting in the region and using their instruments to influence.