Decentralization in Bulgaria: Essence, problems and prospects for development Cover Image
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Децентрализацията в България - същност, проблеми и перспективи за развитие
Decentralization in Bulgaria: Essence, problems and prospects for development

Author(s): Hassan Azis
Subject(s): Politics / Political Sciences, Politics, Governance, Public Administration, Sociology, Economic policy, Government/Political systems, International relations/trade, Economic development, Environmental interactions
Published by: Издателска къща "Гутенберг"
Keywords: Decentralization; Administrative decentralization; financial decentralization; market decentralization; political decentralization
Summary/Abstract: A historical review of municipal governance and decentralization. Essence, types and forms of decentralization. The paper presents the role of self-governance and the connection between municipality, local self-governance and decentralization. It points out some of the starting points in the discussion to formulate decentralization: according to the general approach to the transfer of responsibilities; the approach to analysis of decentralization as dynamic process based on interaction and partnership. The types of decentralization are presented in detail: financial, political, spatial, market and administrative and their interaction and mutual influence. The paper discusses four main trends in the development of decentralization: in a historical aspect (from the 1960's until now); decentralization as a counterpoint to globalization; based on the concept that individuals set store by integrity of real existence; decentralization as a complex of four dimensions (local collectivity) external milieu, local collectivity/internal milieu, individual/internal milieu. It touches on topical problems at the implementation of decentralization in Bulgaria from 1991 to 2015. Finally, it presents the prospects for the development of decentralization in Bulgaria in the context of the implementation of the Decentralization Strategy for the period until 2025.