Bulgaria and the Balkan Pact (1953–1954) Cover Image
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Bulgaria and the Balkan Pact (1953–1954)
Bulgaria and the Balkan Pact (1953–1954)

Author(s): Jordan Baev
Subject(s): Political history, Post-War period (1950 - 1989), History of Communism, Cold-War History
Published by: Institut za noviju istoriju Srbije
Keywords: Balkan Pact; Bulgaria; Yugoslavia; Greece; Turkey
Summary/Abstract: The tripartite Balkan pact between Greece, Turkey, and Yugoslavia, established with the treaties of Ankara of 28 February 1953, and of Bled of 9 August 1954, was discussed quite scanty in the contemporary historiography. It was described as a rather curious example of an „unthinkable treaty” between states with opposite political systems or a „virtually moribund” alliance since the beginning. The paper aims to reveal the Bulgarian official reaction and comments on the establishment of the Balkan Pact and the consequent joint military and political activities of the three Balkan states. The research is based mainly on a large number of newly available Bulgarian political, diplomatic, security, and military records; in particular, the reports and cipher correspondence from Bulgarian diplomatic missions in Ankara, Belgrade, and Athens.

  • Page Range: 587-601
  • Page Count: 15
  • Publication Year: 2008
  • Language: English