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The English judicial system
The English judicial system

Author(s): Ovidiu Horia Maican
Subject(s): Law, Constitution, Jurisprudence, Court case, Comparative Law
Published by: Societatea de Stiinte Juridice si Administrative
Keywords: United Kingdom; England and Wales; courts; common law;
Summary/Abstract: England and Wales have a unified court system, based on common law principles. Scotland and Northern Ireland each have their own judicial systems. The court system in Northern Ireland is close to England and Wales system, while the Scottish court system is mixing elements of both common and law and civil law systems. In England and Wales, most civil cases are analyzed in the County Court. All criminal cases begin in the Magistrates' Court, but more serious offenses are going to the Crown Court. The High Court is both a court of first instance for high value civil claims and as an appellate court for civil and criminal cases. The Court of Appeal is only an appellate chamber. The Civil Division hears appeals form the High Court and the County Court, and the Criminal Division hears appeals from the Crown Court.

  • Page Range: 228-236
  • Page Count: 9
  • Publication Year: 2021
  • Language: English