The transformation of the cultural institutions of the Hungarians living in Transylvania 1944–1948 Cover Image

Transformări instituţionale în viaţa culturală maghiară din Transilvania în perioada 1944–1948
The transformation of the cultural institutions of the Hungarians living in Transylvania 1944–1948

Author(s): János Kristóf Murádin
Subject(s): History, Cultural history, Social history, Recent History (1900 till today)
Published by: Scientia Kiadó
Keywords: Transylvania; institutions; post-war period; theatrical life; education; university
Summary/Abstract: The book entitled “The transformation of the cultural institutions of the Hungarians living in Transylvania 1944–1948” is a PhD-thesis, which tries to make a synthesis of the Hungarian cultural institutions of Transylvania in the. The introductive chapter treats the main objectives of the book, the sources used and the research methodology, followed by a short description of each of the five chapters dedicated to the different fields of culture. Essentially, we can perceive cultural life as a body built up of two major fields: artistic and scientific life. Therefore, this book is structured in such a way as to correspond to this division. The first three chapters deal with the different fields of artistic life, while the last two chapters introduce scientific activities. The first chapter describes in detail the Hungarian theatrical life of Transylvania, and focuses on the presentation of the eight Hungarian theatres based in Cluj, Oradea, Baia Mare, Satu Mare, Tîrgu Mureş, Sfântu Gheorghe, Arad and Timişoara, existing in the period referred to, or established in the following years. The second chapter presents the different Hungarian plastic art societies and institutions of Transylvania, and the local artistic educational institutions of Transylvania in Hungarian teaching language. The third chapter covers on the one hand the Hungarian literary life of Transylvania, on the other hand it is a review of the Hungarian publishing and press of Transylvania in the period referred to. The fourth chapter of the book describes the issues connected to the Hungarian university in Transylvania, dealing with the institutional transformations of the Hungarian university of Cluj starting with the last academic year 1943/1944, during the Second World War, and getting through to the transformation of the “Bolyai” University following the issuance of the law on educational reform on 3 August 1948.Finally, the last chapter gives a comprehensive review of the four Hungarian cultural-scientific institutions in Transylvania, existing in this period: the Transylvanian Museum Society, the Hungarian Cultural Society of Transylvania, the Hungarian Economical Society of Transylvania and the Transylvanian Carpathia Society. The book ends with conclusions and a large bibliography connected to the theme. The attachments composed by a chronology and some unpublished documents and archive photos helps the reader to perceive the theme.

  • Print-ISBN-13: 978-973-197-065-3
  • Page Count: 352
  • Publication Year: 2012
  • Language: Romanian