Language Contact Issues in the Hungarian Spoken in Transylvania Cover Image
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Kontaktusjelenségek az erdély magyar nyelvváltozatokban
Language Contact Issues in the Hungarian Spoken in Transylvania

Author(s): Attila Benő
Subject(s): Language and Literature Studies, Theoretical Linguistics
ISSN: 2068-309X
Published by: Erdélyi Múzeum-Egyesület
Keywords: Hungarian language; foreign words; surnames; toponyms;
Summary/Abstract: The book is a monograph on the sociolinguistic and contactological phenomena in the Hungarian language variants used in Transylvania (Romania). The work integrates the previous researches in the field and shows the new results of direct and indirect contact processes analysis based on recent empirical surveys. The means of foreign words’ integration and phrases are particularly emphasized. Romanian, as a state language, has a considerable effect on the Hungarian language variants in Transylvania. This process is structurally analyzed at different levels from morphology to syntax. The influence of English on Hungarian is also discussed in several chapters.The lexical and lexicographic sources for the research are the recognized dictionaries for Hungarian (for example: A magyar nyelvjárások román kölcsönszavai [Lexical Borrowings of Romanian Origin in Hungarian Dialects]) and recent lexical databases (Termini Online Dictionary). The description of the contactological processes also uses the findings of recent MA and PhD dissertations written at Hungarian Linguistic Department (Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj/Kolozsvár). The sociolinguistic observations also make use of the representative survey conducted by the Institute for National Minorities Studies (Cluj / Kolozsvár) in 2009. The description of lexical borrowings also covers proper names, such as surnames and toponyms. The borrowings of proper names are presented both from diachronic and synchronic approach, making use of the new database as the Database of Hungarian Surnames (ed. Vörös Ferenc).The book’s observations and conclusions can be useful both in the description of present-day Hungarian as well as in the language’s planning and policy.

  • Print-ISBN-13: 978-606-739-004-9
  • Page Count: 156
  • Publication Year: 2014
  • Language: Hungarian