The effects of COVID-19 on EU federalism Cover Image

The effects of COVID-19 on EU federalism
The effects of COVID-19 on EU federalism

Author(s): Juan Carlos MARTIN, Concepcion ROMAN
Subject(s): Politics, Public Administration, Government/Political systems
Published by: Editura Universităţii »Alexandru Ioan Cuza« din Iaşi
Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic; ordered probit; micro-econometric analysis; marginal effects; EU federalism; resilience;

Summary/Abstract: This article analyses how COVID-19 is affecting the EU federalism position in 21 Member States. The analysis is based on an ordered probit econometric model that explains the citizens’ support to a major involvement of the EU institutions to control the corona virus pandemic. The dataset is the product of a survey administered to 21804 European citizens about a number of issues about the pandemic in 21 EU countries. The empirical analysis provides conclusive evidence on the determinants that affect the individual shift position of European citizens to a major involvement of the European institutions in the control of the pandemic. Our results show that Portuguese, Greeks, Bulgarians, Italians and Spaniards and males are those more in favour of the EU federalist solution to control the COVID-19 crisis. Years of education and social class are among the variables that do not have any significant effect. Meanwhile, the political support to the national government, the priority given to health vs. economy and, being in favour of limiting individual rights to control the pandemic seem to have a positive effect on EU federalism. Moreover, concerns about being infected by the pandemic, need of the help of others, altruism (helping others), economic loss, and social interaction with others also play a determinant role. Thus, the article contributes to the debate of the attitudes and behaviour that affect the individual position of the citizens who want a shift in authority from the national governments to the federal EU as a link to create more resilient regions during COVID-19.

  • Issue Year: 12/2021
  • Issue No: SI
  • Page Range: 126-148
  • Page Count: 23
  • Language: English