Montenegrin diplomacy after the country changed its form of government in 1862 Cover Image
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Montenegrin diplomacy after the country changed its form of government in 1862

Author(s): Radoslav Raspopović
Subject(s): History
Published by: Историјски институт Црне Горe
Keywords: Prince Danilo; Montenegro; Principality; Russia, Petrograd

Summary/Abstract: A change in the form of government, i.e. proclamation of Montenegro as a Principality introduced a new stage in the development of the Montenegrin state. It can be seen from two interrelated aspects. Introducing secular government meant surpassing the patriarchal forms of social life and political organization of the country, and introducing a form of government which strengthened the position of personal rule of a sovereign as a supreme decision-maker and absolute ruler. The absolutism established by Petar II Petrović Njegoš, in form of an unlimited personal rule, which was aimed at strengthening and reinforcing the state apparatus, was further elaborated by Prince Danilo. On the other hand, abandoning the “Montenegrin theocracy” and proclaiming the country as a principality resulted in new forms of diplomatic life dictated by the altered forms of government. The mentioned changes were also accompanied by internal state reforms brought about by Prince Danilo’s power, and were aimed at introducing new and more modern forms of social relations into the country and thus strengthening its internal stability and international reputation. Stronger personal rule of the Prince, which affected both internal and foreign relations, also resulted in new forms of foreign policy activities which differed from the previous ones in their fierceness, but which also deviated from the traditional forms of Montenegrin diplomatic activities, and from its traditional allies.

  • Issue Year: 2012
  • Issue No: 1-2
  • Page Range: 7-25
  • Page Count: 16
  • Language: Serbian