Turkish Textiles in 19th Century World Fairs Cover Image

19. Yüzyıl Dünya Fuarlarında Türk Tekstili
Turkish Textiles in 19th Century World Fairs

Author(s): Şefik Memiş
Subject(s): Economic history, 19th Century, The Ottoman Empire
Published by: Serkan YAZICI
Keywords: World fairs; Ottoman textile; economic history; textile products;

Summary/Abstract: The Ottomans took place in all of the world fairs starting with the first World Fair organized in 1851. They exhibited not only agricultural and animal product raw materials, but also manufactured products.Textile and weaving products were among the most popular products exhibited in Ottoman pavilions in particular, and in the pavilions of countries belonging to Islamic geography. Textile products ranged from fabric to clothing, from home textiles to carpets and rugs.While displaying their products the Ottomans were concerned about imitation. Because the fabricators of the Western countries, who had realized the industrial revolution and started fabricating production, were the most loyal followers of the exhibitions, instantly purchasing the products they saw and adapting them to mass production. These Ottoman products, which carried and displayed all the originality of the east, were sold at the exhibition stage, especially to palace members. From the fabric color to the processing and cutting style, Turkish textile products became well known around the World and carried Turkish fashion to European capitals. Also from the saddle to the belt,from bags to pillows, from tablecloths to ribbons, from shawls to embroidered products, many hand -made products also attracted attention. Textile products produced both in the private sector and state factories did not only attract the attention of the public, they were also granted many awards by jury members.The products that received the most awards were coming from Bursa, the center of textile today.Turkish textile products, which had not yet been fully influenced by machining, succeeded in attracting the attention of fabricators in almost all exhibitions with their innovative aspects.

  • Issue Year: 5/2020
  • Issue No: 2
  • Page Range: 868-890
  • Page Count: 23
  • Language: Turkish