Semantic Interpretation of Sentence Structures Cover Image

A mondatszerkezetek szemantikai interpretációja
Semantic Interpretation of Sentence Structures

Author(s): Irén Láncz
Subject(s): Syntax, Semantics, Finno-Ugrian studies
Published by: Филозофски факултет, Универзитет у Новом Саду
Keywords: generative grammar; deep structure; surface structure; semantic interpretation; Logical Form

Summary/Abstract: Generative language theory has several models; in each one of them there is interaction between the syntactic form and structure of meaning. The models differ from each other among other things on determining which structure is interpreted by one of the grammar components: the semantic component. In Aspects of the Theory of Syntax deep structure gives the semantic component of a sentence; it is the deep structure which determines thematic relations. In the model developed in the 1970s, surface structure also has this role, while according to a newer conception only the surface structure is interpreted by the semantic component; namely, meaning has certain aspects which form the meaning of the sentence in the surface structure, (focus, coreference, presupposition). As the model was developed further, it became enriched by a new concept, the concept of the Logical Form, which is a partial representation of the meaning of a sentence. The principles of the theory of the 1980s, the theory of Government and Binding are included in partial theories, and some of these refer to meaning. The Structural Hungarian Syntax, which is theoretically based on the theory of government and binding, also includes rules relating to grammatical meaning.

  • Issue Year: 16/2015
  • Issue No: 4
  • Page Range: 105-113
  • Page Count: 9
  • Language: Hungarian