Professional Adaptation of North Caucasians in Emigration (1920–1930s, France) Cover Image

Профессиональная адаптация северокавказцев в эмиграции (1920–1930-е годы, Франция)
Professional Adaptation of North Caucasians in Emigration (1920–1930s, France)

Author(s): Irina Leonidovna Babich
Subject(s): Social history, Politics and society, History of Education, Interwar Period (1920 - 1939), Migration Studies, Socio-Economic Research
Published by: Издательство Исторического факультета СПбГУ
Keywords: France; North Caucasus; Russia; Soviet Power; Paris; emigrants; arсhives; oil; foreign Caucasian delegations;

Summary/Abstract: This article considers models of the professional arrangement of North Caucasian émigrés in France in the 1920s and 1930s. Using new archival and field ethnographic materials, we explore the social and political activities of North Caucasians as a profession and as a view of life; and the activities of the Caucasian group of oil owners (leader — Nobel), who before the Revolution were engaged in oil production in the Caucasus or owned shares of oil firms. France had the most cars in Europe for the 1920s and 1930s. Therefore, it was not surprising that many emigrants from Russia, including North Caucasians, began working as chauffeurs, taxi drivers, and auto mechanics. In addition, they often became employees of auto factories (e. g. as specialists and laborers). Since there were many military people among North Caucasian émigrés, many they decided to join the French Foreign Legion. Emigrants from the North Caucasus pursued publishing, literary, journalistic, scientific, and teaching activities. In Russia many North Caucasians received a legal education but could not work as lawyers in France. Medical activity was also rare. In emigration there were several North Caucasians who became artists, singers, and dancers who performed in restaurants opened by North Caucasians. The children of the first wave of North Caucasian emigrants, as a rule, received higher education in France, and many of them managed to obtain excellent careers.

  • Issue Year: 10/2020
  • Issue No: 33
  • Page Range: 1005-1018
  • Page Count: 14
  • Language: Russian