A ‘Historical Reconciliation.’ The Romanian-Hungarian Treaty of 1996 Cover Image

A ‘Historical Reconciliation.’ The Romanian-Hungarian Treaty of 1996
A ‘Historical Reconciliation.’ The Romanian-Hungarian Treaty of 1996

Author(s): Marius Mureșan
Subject(s): History, Diplomatic history, Political history, Recent History (1900 till today)
Published by: Editura Mega Print SRL
Keywords: diplomacy; reconciliation; Romanian-Hungarian relations; Euro-Atlantic integration; treaty;

Summary/Abstract: This article analyses Romania’s foreign policy during the transition from communism to democracy, between 1990 and 1996, through the lens of its relations with Hungary. These were conditioned by the historical background, antagonistic feelings best describing public opinion attitudes in the two states. The analysis considered the situation of the Hungarian minority in Romania and the way in which inter-ethnic tensions (such as the street fights in Târgu-Mureş in March 1990) influenced diplomatic cooperation, as well as the way in which the political class positioned on this issue. The study focuses on the adoption of the ‘Treaty of understanding, cooperation and good neighborliness concluded between Romania and the Republic of Hungary,’a condition for the acceptance of the two countries in the negotiations for accession to NATO and the European Union. The tortuous process that led to the signing of this document was analyzed through the lens of specialized literature, but also by reference to some decision-makers at that time, such as the US ambassador to Romania, Alfred H. Moses, or President Ion Iliescu. As regards the reactions of politicians and the media in both states to the signing of the treaty, in the context of the Romanian electoral campaign that was taking place at that time, sources from the written press were used, Evenimentul Zilei and Adevărul being the most widely read dailies.

  • Issue Year: 56/2019
  • Issue No: 56
  • Page Range: 163-179
  • Page Count: 17
  • Language: English, Romanian