Report about the protective archaeological research on trg Cimiter in Senj carried out in 2015 Cover Image

Izvješće o zaštitnom arheološkom istraživanju na trgu Cimiter u Senju provedenom 2015. godine
Report about the protective archaeological research on trg Cimiter in Senj carried out in 2015

Author(s): Damir Martinov, Blaženka Ljubović
Subject(s): Archaeology, Ancient World, Middle Ages, Modern Age, Recent History (1900 till today)
Published by: Senjsko muzejsko društvo i Gradski muzej Senj
Keywords: Trg Cimiter; archaeological research; Middle Ages; Modern Age; Antiquity; graves; human bones; medals; money; jewellery; walls; flooring;

Summary/Abstract: Due to its cultural-historical and archaeological value Trg Cimiter (Cemetery Square) has been included in the protected urban historical centre of the town of Senj and has been entered in the register of immovable monuments of culture of the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Croatia under the number Z- 4186. It is known archaeologically as one of the cemeteries of the area of the town of Senj and people were buried here from Late Antiquity to the mid-19th century.During November and December 2015 protective archaeological research was carried out on Trg Cimiter. After the removal of the first layers of earth a large quantity of dislocated human bones and finds of religious items characteristic of the period from the 17th to 19th centuries were detected. After defining the stratigraphic relationships with the probe at the researched area graves were uncovered and documented, which were orientated in a north-south direction and an east-west direction. In several cases it was noted that the human bones were dislocated by later burials in the same location. Of the found bones at the end of the research within the total of 15 graves 23 somewhat intact skeletal remains were singled out.Rich ceramic material and remains of flooring, burning and soot were uncovered in the graves, as well as remains of architecture i.e. several walls that were partly destroyed by new burials at the site. The remains of the architecture could not be investigated due to the space limitations of the probe. However, according to the building technique and their structure some of the uncovered walls could be dated to Antiquity, early Christian and mediaeval periods. The earliest layers of Trg Cimiter, according to the found ceramic material in the lowest layers at a depth of 2.5 metres from today’s walking surface of the square, could be dated to the first century AD. From the mentioned, it shows the great archaeological significance that Trg Cimiter has for the cultural-historical heritage of the town of Senj.

  • Issue Year: 43/2015
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 199-234
  • Page Count: 36
  • Language: Croatian