Judgement of the location factors of Hungarian cities
by businesses Cover Image

A magyarországi városok telephelyi tényezőinek vállalati megítélése
Judgement of the location factors of Hungarian cities by businesses

Author(s): Csilla Filó, Zoltán Koltai
Subject(s): Social Sciences, Economy, Geography, Regional studies
Published by: Központi Statisztikai Hivatal
Keywords: successfulness; location factors; ranking of settlements; businesses; Hungary

Summary/Abstract: In the 2004–2017 period, the focus of our research, namely the circle of regions determining the growth of the Hungarian economy went through a significant transition. Before 2007 Budapest and its hinterland were the main source of economic dynamism, in the following decade the counties with strong foreign-based manufacturing industry were much more responsible for the growth. In the background of this trend we find, in addition to the nationally improving employment conditions, the favourable processes in the improvement of the work productivity typical in these counties; meanwhile in the central region the opposite tendencies unfolded. The aim of the paper is to demonstrate, using a layered questionnaire survey (breakdown of Hungarian enterprises by region, company size and sectors) the assessment of location factors by Hungarian enterprises and describe the change of evaluations over time. The research we had conducted with companies in 2004–2005 was repeated in 2016–2017. We focused in our questionnaire among others on the following issues, using three closed, three open and one semi-closed, altogether seven questions: what aspects do Hungarian businesses prefer when choosing their business location, which Hungarian cities are considered successful by company leaders and why? In the first part of the paper the responses by the companies are analysed, considering attributes allowing representativeness, this is followed by the ranking of settlements at national and regional scale and by economic sectors. The two separately analysed issues of the research (evaluation of location factors and assessment of the respective towns and cities in the light of the location factors) were comprehensively scrutinised by looking at the reasons behind the favourable assessment of some cities as business locations and the settlements were evaluated in comparison to each other, too. We believe that the findings may be a meaningful contribution to the foundation ofthe complex regional supply of factors insome settlements, which is an urgent task from development policy point of view because Hungarian large and mid-size cities are not integrated into the global urban system as of yet.

  • Issue Year: 61/2021
  • Issue No: 01
  • Page Range: 79-104
  • Page Count: 26
  • Language: Hungarian